alexa In search of representative models of human bone-forming cells for cytocompatibility studies.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering

Author(s): Saldaa L, Bensiamar F, Bor A, Vilaboa N

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Abstract Osteosarcoma-derived cells have been routinely used for studying osteoblastic functions, but it remains unclear to what extent they mimic the behavior of primary osteoblasts in the study of cells and materials interactions. This study reports comparatively on the responses of three human osteosarcoma cell lines, MG-63, Saos-2 and U-2 OS, and human primary osteoblasts cultured on Ti6Al4V surfaces or exposed to Ti particles. Phenotypic characterization of the cell lines revealed that Saos-2 cells and primary osteoblasts displayed similar expression patterns of Cbfa1, SP7 and osteocalcin. Unlike primary cells, the cell lines expressed markers of undifferentiated cells, had high proliferative rates and poor fibronectin matrix assembly. None of the three cell lines faithfully reproduced the adhesive behavior of primary osteoblasts when cultured on Ti6Al4V surfaces or exposed to Ti particles. Differences in cell growth between the cell lines and primary osteoblasts cultured on Ti6Al4V surfaces were also observed. Ti particles inhibited the growth of Saos-2 cells and primary osteoblasts to a similar extent, while no such effect was observed in U-2 OS and MG-63 cells. Saos-2 cells reproduced the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity profile of primary osteoblasts cultured on metallic surfaces or exposed to particles. Altogether, these results show that none of the osteoblast-like cells studied perfectly mimic the behavior of human osteoblast cells (hOB) on Ti6Al4V surfaces or exposed to Ti particles. Saos-2 cells reproduce some of the hOB responses such as the profile of enzymatic ALP activity when cultured on the surfaces or treated with particles as well as cell growth inhibition when exposed to Ti particles. Although in vitro cytocompatibility studies involve the evaluation of multiple parameters, Saos-2 cells may be used as representative of human osteoblasts when these standard tests are evaluated. Copyright © 2011 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Acta Biomater and referenced in Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering

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