alexa In silico identification of novel protective VSG antigens expressed by Trypanosoma brucei and an effort for designing a highly immunogenic DNA vaccine using IL-12 as adjuvant.
Materials Science

Materials Science

Journal of Nanomedicine & Biotherapeutic Discovery

Author(s): Akhoon BA, Slathia PS, Sharma P, Gupta SK, Verma V, Akhoon BA, Slathia PS, Sharma P, Gupta SK, Verma V, Akhoon BA, Slathia PS, Sharma P, Gupta SK, Verma V, Akhoon BA, Slathia PS, Sharma P, Gupta SK, Verma V

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Abstract African trypanosomiasis continues to be a major health problem, with more adults dying from this disease world-wide. As the sequence diversity of Trypanosoma brucei is extreme, with VSGs having 15-25\% identity with most other VSGs, hence it displays a huge diversity of adaptations and host specificities. Therefore the need for an improved vaccine has become an international priority. The highly conserved and specific epitopes acting as both CD8+ and CD4+ T-cell epitopes (FLINKKPAL and FTALCTLAA) were predicted from large bunch of VSGs of T. brucei. Besides, some other potential epitopes with very high affinity for MHC I and II molecules were also determined while taking consideration on the most common HLA in the general population which accounts for major ethnicities. The vaccine candidates were found to be effective even for non-african populations as predicted by population coverage analysis. Hence the migrating travelers acting as a spread means of the infection can probably also be treated successfully after injection of such a multiepitopic vaccine. Exploiting the immunoinformatics approaches, we designed a potential vaccine by using the consensus epitopic sequence of 388 VSG proteins of T. brucei and performed in silico cloning of multiepitopic antigenic DNA sequence in pBI-CMV1 vector. Moreover, various techniques like codon adaptation, CpG optimization, removal of self recognized epitopes, use of adjuvant and co-injection with plasmids expressing immune-stimulatory molecules were implemented to enhance the immunogenicity of the proposed in silico vaccine. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Microb Pathog and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Biotherapeutic Discovery

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