Author(s): Steidler L
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Abstract The development of novel approaches that allow for accurate targeting of therapeutics to the bowel mucosa is a priority in the research on inflammatory bowel disease. We have engineered Lactococcus lactis to secrete soluble, fully active, correctly processed cytokines. We have used these live, recombinant strains for the in situ delivery of mouse interleukin (mIL)-2, -6 and -10 at airway mucosa or mucosa of the colon. Strains that secrete mIL-2 or mIL-6 and produce TTFC intracellular show a higher level of anti-TTFC induction in mice following intranasal inoculation. We showed that mIL-10 producing L. lactis can prevent and cure enterocolitis in mice. The daily ingestion of this strain leads to the prevention of colitis in IL-10 -/- 129 Sv/Ev mice. The repeated addition of DSS to the drinking water of Balb/c mice leads to the induction of chronic colitis with a typical mean histological score of five points. Subsequent daily treatment with 10(8) IL-10 producing L. lactis reduced the inflammation to a score of approximately 1 in 40\% of the treated mice, which is a status equal to that of healthy control mice. Most other animals from the treated group only showed minor patchy remnants of the inflammation. Killing of the IL-10 producing bacteria by UV irradiation immediately prior to inoculation abrogates this therapeutic effect. Therefore it can be attributed to the active in vivo delivery of IL-10. We have further documented this by demonstrating in situ de novo synthesis of IL-10 in the colon of IL-10 -/- mice.
This article was published in Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
and referenced in Internal Medicine: Open Access