Author(s): Bosetti M, Vern E, Ferraris M, Ravaglioli A, Cannas M
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Abstract An in vitro evaluation of a biomedical device, which combines the mechanical properties of zirconia substrates with the bioactivity of two different glass layers (AP40 and RKKP), was performed. In this work, data on different kinds of analysis were reported both on as-sintered zirconia samples and on RKKP- and AP40-coated zirconia substrates. Structure, composition and morphology of the apatite layer growth on the coated samples after 30 days of soaking in an acellular simulated body fluid, serum protein adsorption, fibroblasts and human osteoblast-like cells adhesion, growth, morphology and biochemical aspects were studied. Results of soaking test in SBF, revealed the growth of an apatite layer on the surface of the glass-coated samples. Proteins adsorbed to the materials were analysed by sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and results evidenced that the two glass-coated materials bound a higher amount of total protein than did the zirconia substrate. Fibroblasts and osteoblast-like cells cultured on RKKP- and AP40-coated zirconia showed a higher proliferation rate, leading to confluent cultures with higher cell density and a generally better expression of osteoblast alkaline phosphatase activity in comparison with zirconia substrate. In conclusion, our results indicate that the surface chemical characteristics of the two glass coatings AP40 and RKKP, with no great differences between them, substantially enhance zirconia integration with bone cells at least in vitro. This effect may be of significance in the stability of glass-coated zirconia orthopaedic and dental implants.
This article was published in Biomaterials
and referenced in Bioceramics Development and Applications