alexa In vitro enfolding of olfactory neurites by p75 NGF receptor positive ensheathing cells from adult rat olfactory bulb
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Author(s): A RamnCueto

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Secondary cultures of adult rat olfactory bulb (OB) contained three different types of cell: (i) process-bearing cells; (ii) macrophage-like cells and (iii) fusiform cells. The immunohistochemical properties of process-bearing cells closely corresponded to those described for ensheathing glia in vivo. The most distinctive feature of these cells was their immunoreactivity for low affinity nerve growth factor receptor (NGFR). Process-bearing cells also shared the ultrastructural properties of ensheathing glia in vivo, as well as the ability to ensheath olfactory axons. In contrast, macrophage-like cells had the immunostaining properties of microglia, and fusiform cells were likely capillary endothelial cells. Neurites outgrowing from olfactory epithelium explants, when co-cultured with adult OB cells, grew preferentially over NGFR positive cells. Olfactory neurites exhibited NGFR immunoreactivity and were enfolded by NGFR positive cells. After ensheathment, this immunoreactivity decreased from the neurite and disappeared from the glial membrane in contact with the neurite. However, NGFR immunoreactivity was maintained in the portion of the glial membrane not involved in ensheathing. In summary, ensheathing cells in vitro retained both the ultrastructure shown in vivo and the ability to ensheath olfactory neurites. The Schwann cell-like properties of ensheathing glia, could partially explain the permissibility of adult OB to axonal growth.

This article was published in European Journal of Neuroscience and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

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