Author(s): Gallo JR rd, Miller T, Xu X, Burgess JO
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Abstract PURPOSE: This study compared the tensile retentive strength of composite fiber-reinforced dowels luted with a resin cement to stainless steel dowels luted with zinc phosphate cement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The crowns of 40 extracted human mandibular premolars were removed with a separating disc 1-mm coronal to the cementoenamel junction. The teeth were randomly divided into 4 groups (n = 10). A post space was prepared in each specimen to a depth of 9 mm, using the drill supplied by the respective manufacturer. For the stainless steel post group, 1.25-mm-diameter posts were cemented with zinc phosphate cement. For the composite fiber reinforced groups, posts with diameters of 1.00, 1.25, and 1.50 mm were luted with a Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate (BIS-GMA) resin bonding system (Jeneric/Pentron, Wallingford, CT) according to manufacturer specifications. The specimens were stored in a sealed container with a moist environment for 24 hours, placed in a fixture in an 801 Materials Test Systems (MTS) machine (MTS Systems Corp, Minneapolis, MN), and loaded in tension at a rate of 5.0 mm/min until failure. Differences among the 4 groups were determined using a one-way analysis of variance and Tukey-B post-hoc tests (alpha = 0.05). RESULTS: The mean loads to failure ranged from 43.9 +/- 10.4 kg for the stainless steel dowel group to 19.9 +/- 5.7 kg for the composite fiber-reinforced 1.00-mm-diameter group. The stainless steel post luted with zinc phosphate cement provided significantly greater tensile resistance than all composite fiber dowel groups. The retention of the 1.00-mm composite fiber-reinforced post was significantly less than the remaining groups. CONCLUSIONS: Under the conditions of this study, the stainless steel dowel luted with zinc phosphate cement provided significantly greater retention. Copyright 2002 by The American College of Prosthodontists.
This article was published in J Prosthodont
and referenced in Dentistry