Author(s): Doubrovina ES, Doubrovin MM, Lee S, Shieh JH, Heller G,
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Abstract The Wilms tumor protein (WT1) is overexpressed in most acute and chronic leukemias. To develop a practicable, clinically applicable approach for generation of WT1-specific T cells and to comparatively evaluate the immunogenicity of WT1 in normal individuals, we sensitized T cells from 13 HLA-A0201+ and 5 HLA-A2402+ donors with autologous EBV-transformed B cells or cytokine-activated monocytes, loaded with the HLA-A0201-binding WT1 peptides (126-134)RMFPNAPYL or (187-195)SLGEQQYSV or a newly identified HLA-A2402-binding WT1 peptide (301-310)RVPGVAPTL. WT1-specific T cells were regularly generated from each donor. T cells sensitized with peptide-loaded EBV-transformed B cells generated higher numbers of WT1-specific T cells than peptide-loaded cytokine-activated monocytes. Contrary to expectations, the frequencies of WT1 peptide-specific T cells were equivalent to those generated against individual highly immunogenic HLA-A0201-binding EBV peptides. Each of these T-cell lines specifically killed WT1+ leukemias and solid tumors in an HLA-restricted manner but did not lyse autologous or HLA-matched normal CD34+ hematopoietic progenitor cells or reduce their yield of colony-forming unit-granulocyte-macrophage (CFU-GM), burst-forming unit erythroid (BFU-E), or mixed colonies (CFU-mix). Furthermore, WT1 peptide-specific T cells after adoptive transfer into nonobese diabetic-severe combined immunodeficient mice bearing subcutaneous xenografts of WT1+ and WT1- HLA-A0201+ leukemias preferentially accumulated in and induced regressions of WT1+ leukemias that expressed the restricting HLA allele. Such cells are clinically applicable and may prove useful for adoptive cell therapy of WT1+ malignant diseases in humans.
This article was published in Clin Cancer Res
and referenced in Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry