Author(s): Uckun FM, Chen CL, Samuel P, Pendergrass S, Venkatachalam TK, , Uckun FM, Chen CL, Samuel P, Pendergrass S, Venkatachalam TK,
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Abstract Here we report the antiretroviral activity of the experimental nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) compound stampidine in cats chronically infected with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV). Notably, a single oral bolus dose of 50 or 100 mg of stampidine per kg resulted in a transient >/=1-log decrease in the FIV load of circulating peripheral blood mononuclear cells in five of six FIV-infected cats and no side effects. A 4-week stampidine treatment course with twice-daily administration of hard gelatin capsules containing 25 to 100 mg of stampidine per kg was also very well tolerated by cats at cumulative dose levels as high as 8.4 g/kg and exhibited a dose-dependent antiretroviral effect. One of three cats treated at the 25-mg/kg dose level, three of three cats treated at the 50-mg/kg dose level, and three of three cats treated at the 100-mg/kg dose level (but none of three control cats treated with placebo pills) showed a therapeutic response, as evidenced by a >/=1-log reduction in the FIV load in peripheral blood mononuclear cells within 2 weeks. The previously documented in vitro and in vivo antiretroviral activity of stampidine against primary clinical human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates with genotypic and/or phenotypic NRTI resistance, together with its favorable animal toxicity profile, pharmacokinetics, and in vivo antiretroviral activity in FIV-infected cats, warrants further development of this promising new NRTI compound.
This article was published in Antimicrob Agents Chemother
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research