Author(s): Kanzaki T, Tamura K, Takahashi K, Saito Y, Akikusa B,
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Abstract The in vivo effect of transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) was studied in a model system in which arterial intimal thickening was induced by injury of rabbit arteries with a balloon catheter (BCI). Intimal area and its ratio to medial area in carotid arteries after BCI were significantly higher in rabbits treated with 10 micrograms/kg TGF-beta 1 and 10 mg/kg aspirin i.v. QD (TGF-beta 1 group) than in those treated with 10 mg/kg aspirin i.v. QD only (control group). Intimal cell numbers in the TGF-beta 1 and control groups were not significantly different from each other, but matrix volume in the intimal layer was significantly higher in the TGF-beta 1 group. By immunohistochemical and Northern blot analyses, the fibronectin content in carotid intimal and medial layers was greater in the TGF-beta 1 group compared with that in the control group. Thus, in intimal thickenings induced by BCI. TGF-beta 1 mainly enhanced the formation of matrix containing fibronectin. Moreover, the mRNAs of TGF-beta 1 and type II receptors were detected in carotid arteries 7 and 14 days after, but not before, BCI. Thus, TGF-beta 1 influences the process of intimal thickening induced by BCI through a receptor-mediated mechanism in vivo. The significance of this fact is discussed in relation to the development of atherosclerosis.
This article was published in Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol
and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine