Author(s): Aerts I, Leuraud P, Blais J, Pouliquen AL, Maillard P,
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Abstract PURPOSE: Retinoblastoma is the most common primary intraocular tumor in children. In industrialized countries, 95\% of patients are cured by chemotherapy and conservative treatments. However, these treatments can increase the risk of secondary tumors in patients with a constitutional alteration of the RB1 gene. Photodynamic therapy represents a nonmutagenic therapeutic approach, and may reduce the incidence of secondary tumors. To study the in vivo efficacy of photodynamic therapy, human retinoblastoma xenografts were established in nude mice. METHODS: Three xenografted cell lines, RB102-FER, RB109-LAK and RB111-MIL, were characterized and used for therapeutic evaluation. Mice were randomly divided into control and treatment groups with 5-8 mice in each group. Treatment groups received irradiation alone, photosensitizer alone or both in 2 of the 3 models and in the third model, photosensitizer plus irradiation was compared to untreated controls. mTHPC was injected intraperitoneally at a dose of 0.6mg/kg and verteporfin intravenously at a dose of 1mg/kg. Illuminations were performed 24h after mTHPC and 1h after verteporfin injections. RESULTS: A transient but significant response to mTHPC was observed for RB102-FER (p=0.03) and a significant response to mTHPC for RB111-MIL (p<10(-4)) with partial regression maintained for more than 60 days. No significant difference between the different groups was observed for RB109-LAK, except in the verteporfin plus laser group (p=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The studies confirmed the suitability of the three xenograft models for the evaluation of photodynamic therapy in retinoblastoma. Our findings suggest that PDT may represent an alternative conservative treatment for these tumors. Copyright © 2010. Published by Elsevier B.V.
This article was published in Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther
and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques