Author(s): Geisler J, King N, Anker G, Ornati G, Di Salle E,
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Abstract The effect of exemestane (6-methylenandrosta-1,4-diene-3,17-dione) 25 mg p.o. once daily on in vivo aromatization was studied in 10 postmenopausal women with advanced breast cancer. Aromatization was determined before treatment and after 6-8 weeks on therapy by administering a bolus injection of [3H]androstenedione (500 microCi) and [14C]estrone (5 microCi) followed by measurement of the isotope ratio of urinary estrogens after high-performance liquid chromatography purification. In addition, plasma endogenous estrogens were measured with highly sensitive radioimmunoassays after separation with high-performance liquid chromatography. Treatment with exemestane suppressed whole body aromatization from a mean pretreatment value of 2.059\% to 0.042\% (mean suppression of 97.9\%). Plasma levels of estrone, estradiol, and estrone sulfate were found to be suppressed by 94.5\%, 92.2\%, and 93.2\%, respectively. This is the first study revealing near total aromatase inhibition in vivo with the use of a steroidal aromatase inhibitor. The observation that exemestane is a highly potent aromatase inhibitor, together with the fact that the drug is administered p.o. and causes limited side effects, suggests that exemestane is a promising new drug for the treatment of hormone sensitive breast cancer.
This article was published in Clin Cancer Res
and referenced in Journal of Osteoporosis and Physical Activity