Author(s): Scott DO, Lunte CE
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Abstract Methods for continuous in vivo sampling in the bile, blood, and liver extracellular fluid are described. These methods are based on microdialysis sampling in anesthetized rats. A new flow-through microdialysis probe is described for sampling bile while maintaining normal bile flow. All three sites are simultaneously and continuously sampled to provide concentration-time profiles at multiple sites in a single experimental animal. This technique is demonstrated by studying the hepatic metabolism and biliary excretion of phenol in rats. Following an i.v. infusion of phenol, the major hepatic metabolite was found to be phenyl-glucuronide. Hydroquinone and 2-glutathionyl-hydroquinone were also detected but at lower concentrations. A similar pattern of metabolites was found in the bile and blood. For all of the metabolites, bile concentrations are higher than liver concentrations, indicating that the metabolites are actively excreted into the bile.
This article was published in Pharm Res
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta