alexa Inactivation of (Gialpha) proteins increases arrhythmogenic effects of beta-adrenergic stimulation in the heart.
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Andrology-Open Access

Author(s): Grimm M, Gsell S, Mittmann C, Nose M, Scholz H,

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Abstract Chronic treatment of rats with carbachol downregulates M-cholinoceptors and inhibitory, pertussis toxin (PTX)-sensitive G proteinalpha-subunits (Gialpha) and sensitizes the heart to arrhythmogenic effects of isoprenaline (ISO), suggesting a causal relationship. To test this hypothesis by a more direct and quantitative approach, nine groups of rats were treated for 24 h with increasing doses of PTX (1.25-200 microg/kg i.v.). Inactivation of cardiac Gialpha was determined biochemically by 32P-ADP-ribosylationin vitro and functionally by measuring contractile effects of carbachol. Effects of ISO were studied in spontaneously beating right atria (RA) and isolated papillary muscles (PM; paced at 1 Hz). PTX increased heart rate in conscious animals (ECG) with a bell-shaped dose-dependency (maximal increase 120 beats/min at 7.5 microg/kg). PTX dose-dependently inactivated 25-85\% of total cardiac Gialpha, which linearly correlated with a loss of the direct negative chronotropic effect of carbachol in atria, but not with a loss of its indirect negative inotropic effect in PM. The latter was resistant up to PTX 20 microg/kg (=70\% inactivation). The decrease in Gialpha closely correlated with an increased efficacy of ISO to induce spontaneous contractile activity (automaticity) in PM. At 3 micromol/l ISO, all PM from PTX 200 microg/kg beat spontaneously compared to 10\% in control. In contrast, pretreatment with PTX only modestly and not clearly dose-dependently increased the inotropic potency of ISO (PTX 100 microg/kg: EC50 28v 81 nmol/l in control) and did not affect the chronotropic effect of ISO. The disparity of the functional consequences of PTX treatment suggest that under physiological conditions, Gialpha serve mainly to suppress arrhythmogenic, but not or to a minor extent, positive chronotropic or inotropic effects of beta-adrenoceptor activation. Copyright 1998 Academic Press This article was published in J Mol Cell Cardiol and referenced in Andrology-Open Access

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