Author(s): Kubalov Z
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Abstract The L-type calcium current (ICa) plays an important role in excitation-contraction coupling of heart cells. It is critical for forming the major trigger for Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+) release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum and hence its feedback regulation is of fundamental biological significance. The channel inactivation sharpens the kinetics and temporal precision of the Ca(2+) signals so that it prevents longer-term increases in free intracellular Ca(2+) concentration. Cardiac L-type Ca(2+) channels are known to inactivate through voltage- and Ca(2+)-dependent mechanisms. Pure voltage-dependent inactivation has a much slower time course of development than Ca(2+)-dependent inactivation and plays minor role in inhibition of Ca(2+) influx into the cell. The major determinant of the inactivation kinetics of Ca(2+) current during depolarization is Ca(2+)-dependent mechanisms. Furthermore, it is possible to distinguish two phases in Ca(2+)-dependent inactivation of calcium current: a slow phase that depends on Ca(2+) flow through the channels (Ca(2+) current-dependent inactivation) and a fast one that depends on Ca(2+) released from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (Ca(2+) release-dependent inactivation). Although both Ca(2+) released from the SR and Ca(2+) permeating channels play a role, SR-released Ca(2+) is the most effective inactivation mechanism in inhibition of Ca(2+) entry through the channel.
This article was published in Gen Physiol Biophys
and referenced in Journal of Pharmacokinetics & Experimental Therapeutics