alexa Inactivation of L-type calcium channels in cardiomyocytes. Experimental and theoretical approaches.

Journal of Pharmacokinetics & Experimental Therapeutics

Author(s): Kubalov Z

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The L-type calcium current (ICa) plays an important role in excitation-contraction coupling of heart cells. It is critical for forming the major trigger for Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+) release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum and hence its feedback regulation is of fundamental biological significance. The channel inactivation sharpens the kinetics and temporal precision of the Ca(2+) signals so that it prevents longer-term increases in free intracellular Ca(2+) concentration. Cardiac L-type Ca(2+) channels are known to inactivate through voltage- and Ca(2+)-dependent mechanisms. Pure voltage-dependent inactivation has a much slower time course of development than Ca(2+)-dependent inactivation and plays minor role in inhibition of Ca(2+) influx into the cell. The major determinant of the inactivation kinetics of Ca(2+) current during depolarization is Ca(2+)-dependent mechanisms. Furthermore, it is possible to distinguish two phases in Ca(2+)-dependent inactivation of calcium current: a slow phase that depends on Ca(2+) flow through the channels (Ca(2+) current-dependent inactivation) and a fast one that depends on Ca(2+) released from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (Ca(2+) release-dependent inactivation). Although both Ca(2+) released from the SR and Ca(2+) permeating channels play a role, SR-released Ca(2+) is the most effective inactivation mechanism in inhibition of Ca(2+) entry through the channel.
This article was published in Gen Physiol Biophys and referenced in Journal of Pharmacokinetics & Experimental Therapeutics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version