Author(s): van Bree C, van der Maat B, Ceha HM, Franken NA, Haveman J, , van Bree C, van der Maat B, Ceha HM, Franken NA, Haveman J,
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Abstract Cell-cycle checkpoints are thought to govern the cellular response to external stimuli. The involvement of the p53 tumour-suppressor protein and the retinoblastoma protein (pRb) in the cell-cycle checkpoint in G1 phase is well established. However, little is known about the importance of these G1 checkpoint regulators in hyperthermia-induced cytotoxicity. Such information is relevant because of the clinical application of hyperthermia in combination with chemotherapy or with radiotherapy. The effects of p53 or pRb inactivation were studied in a well-established isogenic system using the human colorectal carcinoma cell line (RKO). The cells were treated with clinically relevant heat doses (60 min at 40-43 degrees C). Cell survival, cell-cycle redistribution and induction of apoptosis were investigated. Survival of the p53-inactivated transfectants was higher than that of the wild-type p53 cells. The pRb-inactivated transfectants showed an intermediate sensitivity to hyperthermia. All transfectants showed G2 arrest after hyperthermia and the appearance of a sub-G1 population. The induction of apoptosis was inhibited in p53-inactivated and pRb-inactivated transfectants. These results suggest that p53 and/or pRb status may be an important determinant of the clinical response to hyperthermia.
This article was published in J Cancer Res Clin Oncol
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy