alexa Inappropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator shocks: incidence, predictors, and impact on mortality.


General Medicine: Open Access

Author(s): Van Rees JB, Borleffs CJ, de Bie MK, Stijnen T, van Erven L

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Objectives The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence, predictors, and outcome of inappropriate shocks in implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) patients. Background Despite the benefits of ICD therapy, inappropriate defibrillator shocks continue to be a significant drawback. The prognostic importance of inappropriate shocks outside the setting of a clinical trial remains unclear. Methods From 1996 to 2006, all recipients of defibrillator devices equipped with intracardiac electrogram storage were included in the current analysis and clinically assessed at implantation. During follow-up, the occurrence of inappropriate ICD shocks and all-cause mortality was noted. Results A total of 1,544 ICD patients (79% male, age 61 ± 13 years) were included in the analysis. During the follow-up period of 41 ± 18 months, 13% experienced ≥1 inappropriate shocks. The cumulative incidence steadily increased to 18% at 5-year follow-up. Independent predictors of the occurrence of inappropriate shocks included a history of atrial fibrillation (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.0, p < 0.01) and age younger than 70 years (HR: 1.8, p = 0.01). Experiencing a single inappropriate shock resulted in an increased risk of all-cause mortality (HR: 1.6, p = 0.01). Mortality risk increased with every subsequent shock, up to an HR of 3.7 after 5 inappropriate shocks. Conclusions In a large cohort of ICD patients, inappropriate shocks were common. The most important finding is the association between inappropriate shocks and mortality, independent of interim appropriate shocks.

This article was published in American College of Cardiology and referenced in General Medicine: Open Access

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