Author(s): Edomwonyi NP, Osaigbovo PE
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of obesity in parturients scheduled for Caesarean section, identify intra-operative complications, management and outcome. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. SETTING: University of Benin Teaching Hospital, a university-affiliated tertiary centre. SUBJECTS: Parturients scheduled for Caesarean section excluding patients in American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) health status 4 and 5. RESULTS: Three hundred patients were recruited in the study. One hundred and forty eight (49.3\%) were non-obese (BMI < 30kgm2) while 152 (50.7\%) were obese (BMI >30kgm(-2)). The incidence of obesity was extremely significant P<0.0001, t = 19.721 and 95\% C.I. = 11.998 - -9.820. Twenty four percent of the obese and 6\% of the non-obese parturients had intercurrent medical diseases. 40.5\% of the non-obese parturients had general anaesthesia while 13.1\% of the obese parturients were offered general anaesthesia. The incidence of intra-operative complications was higher in the obese group. P<0.0001; extremely significant. Odds ratio = 3.647; 95\% C.I. of 2.0007 - 6.626. The most common complications were hypotension (n = 14), shivering (n = 12) and inadequate anaesthesia (n = 8). CONCLUSION: There is a high incidence of obesity in parturients. This group of patients constitutes a high risk group in obstetric anaesthesia. The incidence of complications was higher in the obese than in the non-obese.
This article was published in East Afr Med J
and referenced in Epidemiology: Open Access