Author(s): Kankuri E, Kurki T, Carlson P, Hiilesmaa V
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Abstract BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Clinical and microbiological features of maternal sepsis in the peripartum period (7 days before to 7 days after delivery) were analyzed to determine possible risk factors, optimal treatment and outcome. In 43 483 deliveries during 1990-98, laboratory-confirmed bacteremia was found in 41 (5.1\%) out of 798 clinically suspected septic infections. RESULTS: Preterm deliveries were associated with a crude 2.7-fold risk for peripartum sepsis as compared to term deliveries. Antepartum sepsis was associated with a crude 2.6-fold risk for cesarean section, while postpartum sepsis was 3.2 times more likely to occur after cesarean section than after vaginal delivery. A combination of cefuroxime and metronidazole was used in 80\% (33/41) of all treatments. All mothers recovered well, and only one suffered from septic shock. In total, 42 bacterial strains, representing 18 different bacterial species, were isolated from the blood cultures; 37 strains (88\%, 37/42) were aerobic and five (12\%, 5/42) were anaerobic. The most common species were betahemolytic streptococci, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Most microbes (81\%, 34/42) were found to be susceptible to first- or second-generation cephalosporins. CONCLUSION: Our analysis shows that peripartum sepsis is associated with preterm pregnancies and cesarean sections. Treatment of peripartum sepsis with second-generation cephalosporin is usually effective, and the outcome is good.
This article was published in Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Respiratory Diseases and Care