alexa Incisional hernia repair in Sweden 2002.


Surgery: Current Research

Author(s): Israelsson LA, Smedberg S, Montgomery A, Nordin P, Spangen L

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Abstract Incisional hernia is a common problem after abdominal surgery. The complication and recurrence rates following the different repair techniques are a matter of great concern. Our aim was to study the results of incisional hernia repair in Sweden. A questionnaire was sent to all surgical departments in Sweden requesting data concerning incisional hernia repair performed during the year 2002. Eight hundred and sixty-nine incisional hernia repairs were reported from 40 hospitals. Specialist surgeons performed the repair in 782 (83.8\%) patients. The incisional hernia was a recurrence in 148 (17.0\%) patients. Thirty-three per cent of the hernias were subsequent to transverse, subcostal or muscle-splitting incisions or laparoscopic procedures. Suture repair was performed in 349 (40.2\%) hernias. Onlay mesh repair was more common than a sublay technique. The rate of wound infection was 9.6\% after suture repair and 8.1\% after mesh repair. The recurrence rate was 29.1\% with suture repair, 19.3\% with onlay mesh repair, and 7.3\% with sublay mesh repair. This survey revealed that there is room for improvement regarding the incisional hernia surgery in Sweden. Suture repair, with its unacceptable results, is common and mesh techniques employed may not be optimal. This study has led to the instigation of a national incisional hernia register. This article was published in Hernia and referenced in Surgery: Current Research

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