alexa Incorporating prior knowledge of predictors into penalized classifiers with multiple penalty terms.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Author(s): Tai F, Pan W

Abstract Share this page

Abstract MOTIVATION: In the context of sample (e.g. tumor) classifications with microarray gene expression data, many methods have been proposed. However, almost all the methods ignore existing biological knowledge and treat all the genes equally a priori. On the other hand, because some genes have been identified by previous studies to have biological functions or to be involved in pathways related to the outcome (e.g. cancer), incorporating this type of prior knowledge into a classifier can potentially improve both the predictive performance and interpretability of the resulting model. RESULTS: We propose a simple and general framework to incorporate such prior knowledge into building a penalized classifier. As two concrete examples, we apply the idea to two penalized classifiers, nearest shrunken centroids (also called PAM) and penalized partial least squares (PPLS). Instead of treating all the genes equally a priori as in standard penalized methods, we group the genes according to their functional associations based on existing biological knowledge or data, and adopt group-specific penalty terms and penalization parameters. Simulated and real data examples demonstrate that, if prior knowledge on gene grouping is indeed informative, our new methods perform better than the two standard penalized methods, yielding higher predictive accuracy and screening out more irrelevant genes. This article was published in Bioinformatics and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 9th International Conference on Bioinformatics
    October 23-24, 2017 Paris, France
  • 9th International Conference and Expo on Proteomics
    October 23-25, 2017 Paris, France

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version