alexa Increase in the prevalence of fatty liver in Japan over the past 12 years: analysis of clinical background.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Kojima S, Watanabe N, Numata M, Ogawa T, Matsuzaki S

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of this investigation was to elucidate the time-course of changes in the prevalence of fatty liver, and to analyze its clinical backgrounds over the previous 12-year period. METHODS: Thirty-nine thousand one hundred and fifty-one individuals who visited the Tokai University Hospital Health Checkup Center from 1989 to 2000 were examined for the presence of fatty liver, and their clinical backgrounds were analyzed. RESULTS: In 1989, the prevalence of fatty liver was 12.6\%, and it rose gradually thereafter, reaching 30.3\% in 1998, corresponding to a 2.4-fold increase over the prevalence rate in 1989. The average prevalence was about twice as high in males (26.0\%) as in females (12.7\%). The prevalence was uniformly high in males in all ages, while the prevalence in females tended to rise gradually with age. Body mass index (BMI) was found to be the variable most closely related to the onset of fatty liver. On the other hand, nonobese individuals with a BMI of less than 25 kg/m(2) accounted for approximately half of all the patients with fatty liver, and this proportion remained almost unchanged during the 12-year survey period. It was therefore difficult to simply attribute the increase in the prevalence of fatty liver to the increased prevalence of obesity. In the 35 519 repeat examinees (repeaters), it was found that 5088 individuals (14.3\%) developed fatty liver, and fatty liver resolved in 1248 individuals (3.5\%). As fatty liver developed, the BMI increased by 1.0 +/- 1.3 kg/m(2). As fatty liver disappeared, the BMI decreased by 1.0 +/- 1.5 kg/m(2). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the absolute value of the BMI, as well as the relative changes in the BMI in each individual, may be related to the onset of fatty liver. The aim of this investigation was to elucidate the time-course of changes in the prevalence of fatty liver, and to analyze its clinical backgrounds over the previous 12-year period. This article was published in J Gastroenterol and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version