Author(s): Aggarwal S, Gupta S
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Abstract We have previously shown an increased susceptibility of T cell subsets to anti-Fas-induced apoptosis in human ageing . In this study, we have examined the role of downstream mediators, including caspases, in Fas-mediated apoptosis in lymphocytes from ageing humans. The cleavage activity of caspase-8 and caspase-3 was compared between ageing and young subjects at different times following anti-Fas treatment, using colorimetric detection analysis. The expression of Fas-associated death domain (FADD), caspase-8, and caspase-3 in lymphocytes was compared at the protein level using Western blotting, and at the mRNA level by Northern blot analysis. In lymphocytes from ageing subjects, there was an early increase in the cleavage activity of caspase-8 and caspase-3 compared with young controls. Furthermore, increased protein expression of FADD, caspase-8 and caspase-3 at the basal level was observed in lymphocytes from ageing humans. Our results suggest that the altered expression and activity of molecules in the Fas/FasL signalling pathway may play a role in increased Fas-induced apoptosis and T cell deficiency in ageing humans.
This article was published in Clin Exp Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology