Author(s): Kennedy SM, Elwood RK, Wiggs BJ, Par PD, Hogg JC
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Abstract We studied pulmonary epithelial permeability and bronchial reactivity in 10 smoking and 8 nonsmoking adults. Permeability was measured as the disappearance half-life (T 1/2) of aerosolized 99mTc-DTPA from the lungs, and a permeability index (PI) calculated that reflected the appearance of the tracer in the blood. Smokers had increased permeability with a T 1/2 of 44.6 +/- 12.2 min and PI values at 10, 25, and 60 min of 27.3 +/- 13.2, 32.5 +/- 10.2, and 34.3 +/- 9.9, compared with those in nonsmokers with a T 1/2 of 110.0 +/- 62.7 min and PI values of 9.4 +/- 5.7, 14.9 +/- 8.3, and 23.1 +/- 9.0. Bronchial reactivity to histamine was measured with and without prior exposure to aerosolized propranolol (to achieve beta-blockade of airway smooth muscle). Reactivity increased significantly (p less than 0.001) in both groups after beta-blockade, but no difference was found between smokers and nonsmokers. Despite the increased permeability in smokers, there was no evidence of increased reactivity.
This article was published in Am Rev Respir Dis
and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science