Author(s): Slater M, Scolyer RA, GidleyBaird A, Thompson JF, Barden JA
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Abstract Extensive labelling for the apoptotic markers calcium channel receptor P2X(7) and caspase-3 and telomerase activity was co-localized at a similar intensity in areas affected by superficial spreading melanoma obtained from 80 patients. Labelling for each of these markers also extended 2 microm from the melanoma into the keratinocyte layer of the adjacent normal epidermis. Conversely, the calcium-regulating receptors P2X(1-3) and P2Y(2) (found in normal but not neoplastic skin) were fully de-expressed within 2 microm of the melanoma but fully expressed beyond that distance. The cell adhesion protein E-cadherin (also only present in normal skin) was progressively de-expressed from a point 2 microm from the melanoma until full de-expression within the lesion. These results show that telomerase-induced proliferation and defensive apoptosis are co-localized and simultaneous processes in melanoma tissue. Melanoma cell proliferation appears to overwhelm the apoptotic defence, perhaps due to the anti-apoptotic effects of telomerase. In addition, keratinocyte regulation of the epidermis and dermis is severely compromised by the loss of E-cadherin and P2X(1-3) and P2Y(2) receptors, resulting in a lesion that is aggressive and malignant.
This article was published in Melanoma Res
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology