Author(s): Xin H, DSouza S, Jrgensen TN, Vaughan AT, Lengyel P,
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Abstract Increased expression of p202 protein (encoded by the Ifi202 gene) in splenocytes derived from B6.Nba2 mice (congenic for the Nba2 interval derived from the New Zealand Black mice) was correlated with defects in apoptosis of splenic B cells and increased susceptibility to develop systemic lupus erythematosus. We have now investigated the molecular mechanisms by which increased expression of p202 in B6.Nba2 cells contributes to defects in apoptosis. In this study, we report that increased expression of p202 in the B6.Nba2 splenocytes, as compared with cells derived from the parental C57BL/6 (B6) mice, was correlated with increased levels of p53 protein and inhibition of p53-mediated transcription of target genes that encode proapoptotic proteins. Conversely, knockdown of p202 expression in B6.Nba2 cells resulted in stimulation of p53-mediated transcription. We found that p202 bound to p53 in the N-terminal region (aa 44-83) comprising the proline-rich region that is important for p53-mediated apoptosis. Consistent with the binding of p202 to p53, increased expression of p202 in B6.Nba2 mouse embryonic fibroblasts inhibited UV-induced apoptosis. Taken together, our observations support the idea that increased expression of p202 in B6.Nba2 mice increases the susceptibility to develop lupus, in part, by inhibiting p53-mediated apoptosis.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology