alexa Increased flexibility as a strategy for cold adaptation: a comparative molecular dynamics study of cold- and warm-active uracil DNA glycosylase.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Thermodynamics & Catalysis

Author(s): Olufsen M, Smals AO, Moe E, Brandsdal BO

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Abstract Uracil DNA glycosylase (UDG) is a DNA repair enzyme in the base excision repair pathway and removes uracil from the DNA strand. Atlantic cod UDG (cUDG), which is a cold-adapted enzyme, has been found to be up to 10 times more catalytically active in the temperature range 15-37 degrees C as compared with the warm-active human counterpart. The increased catalytic activity of cold-adapted enzymes as compared with their mesophilic homologues are partly believed to be caused by an increase in the structural flexibility. However, no direct experimental evidence supports the proposal of increased flexibility of cold-adapted enzymes. We have used molecular dynamics simulations to gain insight into the structural flexibility of UDG. The results from these simulations show that an important loop involved in DNA recognition (the Leu(272) loop) is the most flexible part of the cUDG structure and that the human counterpart has much lower flexibility in the Leu(272) loop. The flexibility in this loop correlates well with the experimental k(cat)/K(m) values. Thus, the data presented here add strong support to the idea that flexibility plays a central role in adaptation to cold environments. This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Journal of Thermodynamics & Catalysis

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