Author(s): Ritola K, Robertson K, Fiscus SA, Hall C, Swanstrom R
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Abstract The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) surface Env protein has been implicated in the development of HIV-1-associated dementia (HAD). HIV-1 env diversity was analyzed by heteroduplex tracking assay in 27 infected subjects with various neurological statuses. env compartmentalization between the blood and cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) was apparent with all neurological categories. However, in subjects with HAD, significantly more CSF virus was represented by CNS-unique env variants. Variants specialized for replication in the CNS may play a larger role in the development of HAD. Alternatively, HAD may be associated with a more pronounced state of immunosuppression that permits more extensive replication and independent evolution within the CNS compartment.
This article was published in J Virol
and referenced in Journal of Neuroinfectious Diseases