Author(s): Nishizawa H, PryorKoishi K, Suzuki M, Kato T, Kogo H,
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Abstract Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A and -A2 (PAPP-A and -A2) are proteases that cleave insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins (IGFBPs), resulting in local activation of IGF signaling pathways. Here, we examined PAPP-A and -A2 mRNA and protein levels in placenta and maternal sera from women with pre-eclampsia and compared them with samples from uncomplicated pregnancy. PAPP-A2 but not PAPP-A mRNA and protein were elevated in pre-eclamptic placenta (P < 0.01). PAPP-A2 is normally produced in placental syncytiotrophoblast cells and maternal decidua. PAPP-A2 in syncytiotrophoblast cells was dramatically increased in pre-eclampsia. Maternal serum concentrations of PAPP-A2 but not PAPP-A were also significantly elevated in pre-eclampsia as compared with uncomplicated pregnancy. mRNA levels of IGFBP5, a specific substrate for PAPP-A2 protease activity, were also significantly increased, suggesting a potential role for IGFBP5 in fetal and placental growth suppression during pre-eclampsia. However, IGFBP5 protein levels were not increased in placenta from pre-eclampsia, possibly due to cleavage by up-regulated PAPP-A2. These data might imply that PAPP-A2 may be up-regulated in pre-eclamptic pregnancy to compensate for IGFBP5-mediated suppression of the IGF pathway, although final birthweights are still low in pre-eclamptic pregnancy.
This article was published in Mol Hum Reprod
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy