alexa Increased oxidative metabolism in phytohemagglutinin-stimulated lymphocytes from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus is associated with serum SSA antibody.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Benke PJ, Drisko J, Ahmad P

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Abstract We have examined oxidative metabolism in phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated lymphocytes from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) because increased oxygen free radicals would explain the DNA abnormality previously observed in these cells. Almost no oxidative activity was found in freshly isolated control or lupus lymphocytes or control lymphocytes stimulated with PHA. However, increased oxidative metabolism, measured by nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) conversion to formazan, was found in PHA-stimulated lymphocytes from 14 of 21 lupus patients. A time course study showed that NBT activity appeared in positive lupus lymphocytes at 1-2 days of PHA stimulation, increased to a maximum at 2-4 days, and diminished thereafter. NBT activity was not related to specific disease symptoms, drug therapy, or serum dsDNA, Sm, RNP, or SSB (La) antibodies. The selected population of lupus patients studied precluded conclusions about NBT activity and disease severity. However, the intensity of NBT response in stimulated lupus lymphocytes was positively correlated with the presence of serum SSA (Ro) antibody. We suggest that increased oxidative activity of SLE lymphocytes generates a chemical change in endogenous DNA in vivo and may be a primary event in the pathogenesis of autoimmunity. Absence of detectable oxidative activity in stimulated lymphocytes in a subgroup of lupus patients suggests that at least two different mechanisms are associated with the altered DNA profiles observed in this disorder.
This article was published in Biochem Med Metab Biol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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