Author(s): Johnson EN, Brass LF, Funk CD
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Abstract Arachidonic acid metabolism is one of several mechanisms culminating in the production of an agonist for platelet activation and recruitment. Although the proaggregatory role of thromboxane A2, a product of the aspirin-inhibitable cyclooxygenase, is well established, relatively little is known regarding the biological importance of arachidonic acid metabolism via the 12-lipoxygenase (P-12LO) pathway to 12-hydro(pero)xyeicosatetraenoic acid. We observed that platelets obtained from mice in which the P-12LO gene has been disrupted by gene targeting (P-12LO-/-) exhibit a selective hypersensitivity to ADP, manifested as a marked increase in slope and percent aggregation in ex vivo assays and increased mortality in an ADP-induced mouse model of thromboembolism. The hyperresponsiveness to ADP is independent of dense granule release, cyclooxygenase-derived eicosanoid synthesis, and protein kinase C activity. The addition of 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid to P-12LO-/- platelet-rich plasma rescues the hyperresponsive phenotype resulting in a diminished ADP-induced aggregation profile. The enhanced ADP sensitivity of P-12LO-/- mice appears to reveal a mechanism by which a product of the P-12LO pathway suppresses platelet activation by ADP.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
and referenced in Journal of Cytokine Biology