Author(s): Picardi A, Abeni D, Renzi C, Braga M, Puddu P,
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Abstract Psychiatric disorders are frequent among patients with skin diseases. We aimed at identifying factors associated with psychiatric morbidity in dermatological outpatients. All adults attending the outpatient clinics of a dermatological hospital on predetermined days were given the 12-item General Health Questionnaire. The dermatologists indicated the diagnosis and location of skin lesions and rated the disease severity. A total of 1389 patients were asked to take part in the study. Of the 722 who accepted, 389 had a complete set of data and were included in the analysis. To verify the representativeness of our sample, we used the administrative registries to compare participants with the total population of patients who attended the clinics during the same period, and we examined the distribution of missing data. There was a tendency towards a younger age in the sample studied, but no evidence of substantial selection bias. The prevalence of psychiatric morbidity was 20.6\%. We found higher probability of psychiatric disorders in women, controlling for age, clinical severity and localization of lesions. In women, but not in men, the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity was higher in patients with lesions on the face or hands. Given that the identification and appropriate management of psychiatric morbidity are important, it seems that the dermatologist should be particularly alert to the possibility of a concurrent psychiatric disorder in women with lesions on the face or hands.
This article was published in Acta Derm Venereol
and referenced in Journal of Psychiatry