Author(s): Knobler H, Schihmanter R, Zifroni A, Fenakel G, Schattner A
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection without evidence of cirrhosis have an increased risk of diabetes mellitus (DM) and to evaluate possible risk factors for diabetes in this group. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of 45 consecutive eligible patients with HCV infection and no clinical, scintigraphic, or histological evidence of cirrhosis, and a control group of 90 subjects without liver disease matched by age, sex, and body mass index and similar in their origin distribution. Eighty-eight patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection with no evidence of cirrhosis were also evaluated. The diagnosis of diabetes was based on the 1997 American Diabetes Association criteria. RESULTS: Fifteen patients (33\%) with HCV infection were found to have type 2 diabetes compared with 5.6\% in the control group without liver disease (P < .001) and 12\% in the group with HBV infection (P = .004). Comparison of the patients with and without diabetes revealed that positive family history of diabetes, HCV 1b genotype, and a more severe liver histology were significantly associated with DM. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with chronic HCV infection have an increased prevalence of type 2 diabetes, and this prevalence is independent of cirrhosis. The pathogenesis is intriguing, appears to be unique to HCV, and requires further study.
This article was published in Mayo Clin Proc
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism