Author(s): Luciakov K, Kuzela S
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Abstract Cells from a rapidly growing rat Zajdela hepatoma were shown to contain (on a protein basis) five-times less mitochondria than hepatocytes from resting or regenerating rat liver. Transcripts of four nuclear genes for representative mitochondrial membrane proteins (beta-F1 subunit and N,N'-dicyclohexyl-carbodiimide-binding protein of ATP synthase, subunit IV of cytochrome oxidase and ADP/ATP translocase) were present in 2-4 times higher amounts in the poly(A)-rich RNA of the hepatoma than in the corresponding RNA fraction from resting or regenerating rat liver. The liver and hepatoma transcripts for the beta-F1 subunit were translated in an in-vitro system with equal efficiency. Pulse-chase labeling of isolated Zajdela hepatoma cells and hepatocytes from resting and regenerating liver revealed a relative excess of the newly synthesized beta-F1 subunit in the tumor cells. The half-life of the beta-F1 subunit was significantly shorter in the hepatoma cells than in hepatocytes from resting and regenerating liver. The contents of transcripts of three mitochondrial genes examined (cytochrome oxidase subunits I and II and NADH-ubiquinone reductase subunit 2) in Zajdela hepatoma mitochondria were about five-times higher than in the mitochondria of the resting cells and 3-4 times higher than in the organelles of the regenerating organ. The results indicate that events other than transcription (most likely post-translational) may be responsible for the reduced content of mitochondria in tumor cells.
This article was published in Eur J Biochem
and referenced in Journal of Physical Chemistry & Biophysics