Author(s): Tan J, Wang H, Leenen FH
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Abstract In the brain, ouabain-like compounds (OLC) and the reninangiotensin system (RAS) contribute to sympathetic hyperactivity in rats after myocardial infarction (MI). This study aimed to evaluate changes in components of the central vs. the peripheral RAS. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and angiotensin type 1 (AT1) receptor binding densities were determined by measuring 125I-labeled 351A and 125I-labeled ANG II binding 4 and 8 wk after MI. In the brain, ACE and AT1 receptor binding increased 8-15\% in the subfornical organ, 14-22\% in the organum vasculosum laminae terminalis, 20-34\% in the paraventricular nucleus, and 13-15\% in the median preoptic nucleus. In the heart, the greatest increase in ACE and AT1 receptor binding occurred at the infarct scar (approximately 10-fold) and the least in the right ventricle (2-fold). In kidneys, ACE and AT1 receptor binding decreased 10-15\%. After intracerebroventricular infusion of Fab fragments to block brain OLC from 0.5 to 4 wk after MI, increases in ACE and AT1 receptors in the subfornical organ, organum vasculosum laminae terminalis, paraventricular nucleus, and medial preoptic nucleus were markedly inhibited, and ACE and AT1 receptor densities in the heart increased less (6-fold in the infarct scar). In kidneys, decreases in ACE and AT1 receptor binding were absent after treatment with Fab fragments. These results demonstrate that ACE and AT1 receptor binding densities increase not only in the heart but also in relevant areas of the brain of rats after MI. Brain OLC appears to play a major role in activation of brain RAS in rats after MI and, to a modest degree, in activation of the cardiac RAS.
This article was published in Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology