alexa Increases in endothelial Ca(2+) activate K(Ca) channels and elicit EDHF-type arteriolar dilation via gap junctions.


Medicinal Chemistry

Author(s): Ungvari Z, Csiszar A, Koller A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract In skeletal muscle arterioles, the pathway leading to non-nitric oxide (NO), non-prostaglandin-mediated endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF)-type dilations is not well characterized. To elucidate some of the steps in this process, simultaneous changes in endothelial intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) and the diameter of rat gracilis muscle arterioles (approximately 60 microm) to acetylcholine (ACh) were measured by fura 2 microfluorimetry (in the absence of NO and prostaglandins). ACh elicited rapid increases in endothelial [Ca(2+)](i) (101 +/- 7\%), followed by substantial dilations (73 +/- 2\%, coupling time: 1.3 +/- 0.2 s) that were prevented by endothelial loading of an intracellular Ca(2+) chelator [1,2-bis(2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid]. Arteriolar dilations to ACh were also inhibited by intraluminal administration of the Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (K(Ca)) channel blockers charybdotoxin plus apamin or by palmitoleic acid, an uncoupler of myoendothelial gap junctions without affecting changes in endothelial [Ca(2+)](i). The presence of large conductance K(Ca) channels on arteriolar endothelial cells was demonstrated with immunohistochemisty. We propose that in skeletal muscle arterioles, EDHF-type mediation is evoked by an increase in endothelial [Ca(2+)](i), which by activating endothelial K(Ca) channels elicits hyperpolarization that is conducted via myoendothelial gap junctions to the smooth muscle resulting in decreases in [Ca(2+)](i) and consequently dilation. This article was published in Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol and referenced in Medicinal Chemistry

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version