alexa Increasing the cAMP concentration during in vitro maturation of pig oocytes improves cumulus maturation and subsequent fertilization in vitro.


Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

Author(s): Appeltant R, Beek J, Vandenberghe L, Maes D, Van Soom A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Porcine IVF faces various problems such as incomplete cytoplasmic maturation of the oocyte and polyspermy. Previous studies proved the importance of cAMP in regulating nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation of oocytes. This study investigated the effect of the cAMP-modulating agents 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) and dibutyryl cAMP sodium salt (dbcAMP) on several parameters during in vitro production of porcine embryos. First, we wanted to see if oocyte collection in IBMX could meiotically arrest oocytes and, as such, improve synchronization of nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation. To this end, cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were collected from gilts in HEPES-buffered Tyrode balanced salt solution medium with 0.5-mM IBMX or without IBMX. At the end of oocyte collection, the effect of IBMX on chromatin configuration was evaluated. However, no differences could be observed in nuclear configuration between IBMX- and IBMX+ oocytes (P > 0.05). Second, we added dbcAMP during IVM to improve cytoplasmic maturation and evaluated cumulus expansion (lack of adhesion), a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin-like repeats (ADAMTS-1) levels in cumulus cells, fertilization, and blastocyst rates. Cumulus-oocyte complexes were matured in modified North Carolina State University medium 37 with or without 1-mM dbcAMP. Frozen-thawed, epididymal, boar spermatozoa were used for IVF. After IVF, presumed zygotes were cultured for 7 days in North Carolina State University medium 23. Penetration rate decreased in dbcAMP+ (57.3\%) compared with dbcAMP- (67.8\%), but the polyspermy rate also decreased (43.3\% vs. 53.4\%, respectively) leading to an increased normal fertilization rate (56.7\% vs. 46.6\%, respectively; P < 0.05). Only 7.2\% of the COCs showed adhesion in dbcAMP+ which was lower than 15.7\% in dbcAMP- (P < 0.05) probably because of an upregulation of the ADAMTS-1 protein by dbcAMP. When the adherent oocytes were removed during maturation, no difference could be detected between the blastocyst rate of dbcAMP- and dbcAMP+ (17.1\% and 21.0\% on Day 7, respectively; P > 0.05). In conclusion, the use of IBMX during collection did not cause a meiotic arrest. Using dbcAMP during IVM caused a greater normal fertilization rate, a lower rate of adherent COCs during IVM, higher levels of ADAMTS-1 in cumulus cells, and an equal blastocyst rate after screening out adherent COCs. These findings contribute to a better understanding of cAMP involvement in porcine oocyte maturation and provide a basis to develop an improved system with less polyspermy and higher blastocyst rates. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in Theriogenology and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Seema Narayan
    A comparative study of the link between real exchange rate of ASEAN countries and fossil fuel prices
    PDF Version
  • Navinchandra G. Ashar
    Comparative study of techno-economic evaluation of the production of liquid Sulphur Di Oxide
    PDF Version
  • Wei Gong
    Wei Gong-Huazhong-University-of-Science-and-Technology-China-Probabilistic-seismic-hazard-assessment-for-the-pseudo-negative-stiffness-control-of- a-steel-base-isolated-building-A-comparative-study-
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Abdullah Altin
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Nahla A El-Wakil
    Comparative study of enzymatic and chemical denaturation of wheat gluten and their cellulosic nanocomposites
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Krzysztof Wieczerzak
    A comparative transcriptome provides candidate genes for determination the cause of males infertility.
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Flavia Secco Tavares de Souza
    A Comparative Study Among Elective Conventional Surgery, Urgency/Emergency Conventional Approaching and Elective Videolaparoscopic Surgery on the Treatment of Hospitalized Patients at First Surgeric Clinic of Federal Hospital of Bonsucesso with a Diagnostic of Colorectal adenocarcinoma, between January 2010 and December 2012
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Rajendra K Ray
    Comparative Study And Improvement Of Shallow-Water Models
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Nisreen E. Mahmoud
    Parasitological and comparative pathological studies on monogenean infestation of cultured sea bream (Sparus aurata, Sparidae) in Egypt.
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version