Author(s): Kobashi Y, Sugiu T, Mouri K, Obase Y, Miyashita N,
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Abstract The present authors assessed risk factors that can promote indeterminate results of QuantiFERON TB-2G (QFT-2G; Cellestis Ltd, Carnegie, Australia) tests. The subjects were 704 patients with suspected tuberculosis (TB) and latent TB infection between January 2005 and December 2007. The QFT-2G test and the tuberculin skin test (TST) were performed for all subjects. If the results of the QFT-2G test were indeterminate, the test was repeated within 1 month. In total, 72 (10.2\%) patients showed indeterminate results on the QFT-2G test. Indeterminate results were due to positive control failure in 68 (88.9\%) patients and negative control failure in four patients. The results of the TST were negative for 64 patients showing indeterminate results, the remaining eight patients showed a positive response to the TST. Indeterminate results were significantly associated with elderly and immunocompromised patients. Lymphocytopaenia and hypoalbuminaemia were significantly associated with indeterminate laboratory findings. When the QFT-2G test was repeated for all patients showing indeterminate results, 12 (16.7\%) patients demonstrated determinate results on the subsequent test. Indeterminate results of the QuantiFERON TB-2G test under routine clinical practice are not infrequent. When scoring QuantiFERON TB-2G test results for elderly and immunocompromised patients, one must be careful because the possibility of obtaining determinate results may be low even if the test is repeated.
This article was published in Eur Respir J
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals