Author(s): Nicholson RM, Sleivert GG
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Abstract PURPOSE: The object of this study was to determine the relationship of three measures of running velocity at lactate threshold (LT) with 10-km running velocity. The methods used to determine LT velocity (m.s(-1)) during submaximal treadmill running were: 1) LT(1), the velocity preceding two consecutive increases in blood lactate > or = 1 mmol.L(-1); 2) LT(D), the velocity associated with the maximum perpendicular distance between the nonlinear regression line and the straight line formed by the two end data points of the blood lactate profile; and 3) LT(4), the velocity corresponding to a blood lactate concentration of 4 mmol.L(-1). METHODS: Thirty competitive and recreational runners (11 female and 19 male) undertook two 10-km time trials (7 d apart), three treadmill familiarization sessions over the following 21 d, and then completed an incremental submaximal treadmill run. From blood lactate samples taken during the submaximal run, mean LT velocity (+/- SD) at LT(1) (3.76 +/- 0.57), LT(D) (3.79 +/- 0.58), and LT(4) (4.11 +/- 0.64) was determined. Pearson product moment correlation analysis revealed a strong relationship between all mean LT speeds and mean 10-km running velocity (3.77 +/- 0.57), with the strongest relationship observed for LT(D) (r = 0.86, P < 0.001). Correlations by gender between LT(D) and 10-km velocity were r = 0.84 (female) and r = 0.78 (male). Male subjects had significantly higher LT velocities than female subjects using all methods (P < 0.001), and velocity at LT(4) was significantly faster than 10-km velocity and velocity at LT(1) and LT(D) (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Of the methods measured, LT(D) appears to be the most sensitive and valid measure of LT velocity and may be of benefit in monitoring the training program of 10-km distance runners.
This article was published in Med Sci Sports Exerc
and referenced in Journal of Sports Medicine & Doping Studies