alexa Individual and synergistic antioxidative actions of melatonin: studies with vitamin E, vitamin C, glutathione and desferrioxamine (desferoxamine) in rat liver homogenates.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Medicinal & Aromatic Plants

Author(s): Gitto E, Tan DX, Reiter RJ, Karbownik M, Manchester LC,

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Abstract The pharmacological effects of melatonin, vitamin E, vitamin C, glutathione and desferrioxamine (desferoxamine) alone and in combination on iron-induced membrane lipid damage in rat liver homogenates were examined by estimating levels of malondialdehyde and 4-hydroxyalkenals (MDA+4-HDA). Individually, melatonin (2.5-1600 microM), vitamin E (0.5-50 microM), glutathione (100-7000 microM) and desferrioxamine (1-8 microM) inhibited lipid peroxidation in a concentration-dependent manner. Vitamin C had both a pro-oxidative (25-2000 microM) and an antioxidative (2600-5000 microM) effect. The IC50 (concentration that reduces damage by 50\%) values were 4, 10, 426, 2290 and 4325 microM for vitamin E, desferrioxamine, melatonin, glutathione and vitamin C, respectively. The synergistic actions of melatonin with vitamin C, vitamin E, and glutathione were systematically investigated. When melatonin was combined with vitamin E, glutathione, or vitamin C, the protective effects against iron-induced lipid peroxidation were dramatically enhanced. Even though melatonin was added at very low concentrations, it still showed synergistic effects with other antioxidants at certain concentrations. Furthermore, melatonin not only reversed the pro-oxidative effects of vitamin C, but its efficacy in reducing lipid peroxidation was improved when it was combined with pro-oxidative concentrations of vitamin C. The results provide new information in terms of the possible pharmacological use of the combination of melatonin and classical antioxidants to treat free radical-related conditions.
This article was published in J Pharm Pharmacol and referenced in Medicinal & Aromatic Plants

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