Author(s): Matson U
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Abstract The concentration of ultrafine particles (0.01 to greater than 1 microm) was measured in some rural and urban areas of Sweden and Denmark. The instruments used are handheld real-time condensation particle counters, models CPC 3007 and P-Trak 8525, both manufactured by TSI. Field measurements in Sweden were conducted in a few residential and office buildings, while in Denmark the measurement sites comprised two office buildings, one of them located in a rural area. The concentration of UFPs was measured simultaneously indoors and outdoors with condensation particle counters. The results revealed that the outdoor-generated particle levels were major contributors to the indoor particle number concentration in the studied buildings when no strong internal source was present. The results showed that in office buildings, the UFP concentrations indoors were typically lower and correlated fairly well to the number concentration outdoors. The determined indoor-outdoor ratios varied between 0.5 and 0.8. The indoor levels of UFPs in offices where smoking is allowed was sometimes recorded higher than outdoor levels, as in one of the Danish offices. In residential buildings, the indoor number concentration was strongly influenced by several indoor activities, e.g., cooking and candle burning. In the presence of significant indoor sources, the indoor/outdoor (IO) ratio exceeded unity. The magnitude of UFP concentrations was greater in the large city of Copenhagen compared to the medium-size city of Gothenburg and lowest at more rural sites.
This article was published in Sci Total Environ
and referenced in Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering