alexa Indoxyl sulfate, a representative uremic toxin, suppresses erythropoietin production in a HIF-dependent manner.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Author(s): Chiang CK, Tanaka T, Inagi R, Fujita T, Nangaku M

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients encounter anemia through insufficient erythropoietin (EPO) production by peritubular fibroblasts. Recent studies showed an increase in EPO production by pharmacological activation of hypoxia-inducible transcription factors (HIFs) in dialysis patients, suggesting that desensitization of the oxygen-sensing mechanism is responsible for the development of renal anemia. Our recent work demonstrated that indoxyl sulfate (IS), a uremic toxin, dysregulates oxygen metabolism in tubular cells. Here we provide evidence of an additional property that IS impairs oxygen sensing in EPO-producing cells. HepG2 cells were stimulated with cobalt chloride (CoCl(2)) or hypoxia under varying concentrations of IS. EPO mRNA was evaluated by quantitative PCR. Nuclear accumulation of HIF-α was evaluated by western blotting. Transcriptional activity of HIF was checked by hypoxia-responsive element (HRE)-luciferase reporter assay. The impact of IS was further evaluated in vivo by administering rats with indole, a metabolic precursor of IS, and subjecting them to CoCl(2) stimulation, in which renal EPO mRNA as well as plasma EPO levels were measured by quantitative PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. Although IS induced cellular toxicity at relatively high concentrations (2.5 mM), EPO mRNA expression was significantly suppressed by IS at concentrations below cytotoxic ranges. In HepG2 cells, IS treatment decreased nuclear accumulation of HIF-α proteins and suppressed HRE-luciferase activity following hypoxia. Furthermore, administration of rats with indole suppressed renal EPO mRNA expression and plasma EPO levels, corroborating in vitro findings. Results of the present study provide a possible connection between a uremic toxin and the desensitization of the oxygen-sensing mechanism in EPO-producing cells, which may partly explain inadequate EPO production in hypoxic kidneys of CKD patients. This article was published in Lab Invest and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords