alexa Induction of collagen by estradiol: difference between sun-protected and photodamaged human skin in vivo.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Author(s): Ritti L, Kang S, Voorhees JJ, Fisher GJ

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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of topical estradiol in stimulating collagen I and III production in naturally aged and photoaged human skin of postmenopausal women and age-matched men. DESIGN: Vehicle-controlled treatment followed by biochemical and immunohistochemical analyses of skin biopsy specimens. SETTING: Academic referral center. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy healthy volunteers (40 postmenopausal women with a mean age of 75 years, and 30 men with a mean age of 75 years) with photodamaged skin. Interventions Topical application of estradiol, 0.01\%, 0.1\%, 1\%, or 2.5\% or vehicle on aged or photoaged skin, with biopsy specimens taken after last treatment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: De novo synthesis of collagen by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Topical estradiol increased procollagen I and III messenger RNA and collagen I protein levels in sun-protected aged hip skin in postmenopausal women and, to a lesser extent, in age-matched men. Surprisingly, no significant changes in production were observed in women or men after 2-week estradiol treatment of photoaged forearm or face skin, despite similar expression of estrogen receptors (ER-alpha, ER-beta, and GPR30) in aged and photoaged skin. Estradiol treatment induced the estrogen-responsive gene GREB1, indicating that penetration of topical estradiol and genomic response to estrogen were similar in the 3 anatomic sites. CONCLUSIONS: Two-week topical estradiol treatment stimulates collagen production in sun-protected hip skin, but not in photoaged forearm or face skin, in postmenopausal women and aged-matched men. These findings suggest that menopause-associated estrogen decline is involved in reduced collagen production in sun-protected skin. Interestingly, alterations induced by long-term sun exposure hinder the ability of topical 2-week estradiol to stimulate collagen production in aged skin. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Identifier: NCT00113100. This article was published in Arch Dermatol and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

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