Author(s): Wauthier V, Dubois P, Verbeeck RK, Calderon PB
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Abstract Ageing affects drugs metabolism influencing the therapeutic efficacy and safety of drugs. By using the experimental model of aged male rats, we investigated the influence of ageing on some CYP2C isoforms, the most important CYP450 sub-family in rats. The activity of the male specific CYP2C11 is decreased by 55\% in senescent male rats. This correlates with a significant reduction of both protein content (80\%) and mRNA (60\%) indicating a demasculinization process. The expression of CYP2C12, a female specific isoform, is induced in senescent male rats indicating a feminization process. Neither the activity nor the expression of CYP2C6, a female predominant isoform, is modified in senescent male rats. Thereafter, certain putative GH mediators like some liver enriched transcription factors (LETFs) or STAT5b were investigated. The amount of HNF3beta mRNA, a transcription factor involved in the up-regulation of CYP2C12, has been shown to increase by about three-fold in senescent male rats. With regard to STAT5b, which has been reported to be involved in the male specific regulation of CYP2C11, large amounts of phosphorylated STAT5 were observed in the liver of senescent male rats. These results indicate that while the induction of CYP2C12 during ageing could be due, at least partially, to the enhanced HNF3beta expression, the decline of CYP2C11 is unlikely related to a decrease of STAT5 activation.
This article was published in Biochem Pharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development