Author(s): Nakashima M
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Abstract Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2, BMP-4 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta 1 combined with collagen matrix as a carrier were examined for their effects on pulp regeneration and dentine formation. Seventy days after implantation of 2 micrograms of BMP-2, mineralized osteodentine-like tissue containing embedded osteodentinocytes was seen in the cavity. Unmineralized fibrous tissue and pulp-like loose connective tissue were also found in the same cavity. In teeth implanted with 660 ng of BMP-2 only unmineralized fibrous and pulp tissues were seen. In teeth with 220 ng of BMP-2 or collagen alone, pulp tissue was seen. It is therefore likely that the cavity fills with pulp tissue and that spindle-shaped cells elaborate extracellular matrix that mineralizes to be osteodentine in a dose-dependent manner. Similar osteodentine was seen in teeth implanted with 4 micrograms of BMP-4 and collagen. No distinct tubular dentine was formed, unlike an earlier experiment in which BMP-2 or -4 was implanted with enriched, inactivated dentine matrix. These findings suggest that both BMP-2 and -4 induce osteodentine formation if combined with collagen matrix; some other matrix component present in inactivated dentine matrix might be essential for further differentiation into odontoblasts. In teeth implanted with TGF-beta 1, the carrier collagen remained in the cavity and little pulp tissue proliferation was seen, suggesting a possible inhibitory effect of TGF-beta 1 in pulp regeneration. It is likely that the response to growth and differentiation factors is dependent on the state of differentiation of pulp cells.
This article was published in Arch Oral Biol
and referenced in Advanced Techniques in Biology & Medicine