Author(s): Wang SM, Zhang LW, Fan RB, Han X, Yi HX
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A total of 138 lactobacillus strains were obtained from the traditional fermented foods of minority nationalities or infant faeces, respectively. The lactobacillus strains were screened for anticancer effects and probiotic potential. The results showed that 10 strains exerted anti-proliferative activity and higher adhering capability on HT-29 cells. They were then screened for resistance to biological barriers (acid and bile salts), and the four most promising strains were selected. Further analysis revealed that the 4 strains (cell walls and cytoplasm extracts) displayed the high anti-proliferative activity and the large extent of DNA strand breakage in individual cells. Through the selected procedure, cell walls that were extracted from X12, M5 and K14 strains induced apoptosis in HT-29 cells. Further investigation confirmed that apoptosis-inducing ability of cell wall extracts was attributed to the breakdown of mitochondrial membrane potential, which is a known initiation of apoptotic mitochondrial pathway. Cell walls from X12, M5 and K14 strains, were determined to be less harmful to noncancerous Vero cells than to human colon cancer HT-29 cells. These findings suggested that X12, M5 and K14 strains opposing the ability to induce HT-29 cells apoptosis, and cell wall extracts were involved in this apoptosis induction.
This article was published in Res Microbiol
and referenced in Immunotherapy: Open Access