Author(s): Myers CL, Wertheimer SJ, SchembriKing J, Parks T, Wallace RW
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Abstract The intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) is induced on endothelial cells by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We have reported the sensitivity of cytokine-induced ICAM-1 expression to protein kinase inhibitors, including inhibitors of protein kinase C (PKC) [C. L. Myers, S. N. Desai, J. Schembri-King, G. L. Letts, and R. W. Wallace. Am. J. Physiol. 262 (Cell Physiol. 31): C365-C373, 1992]. To directly investigate the role of PKC in ICAM-1 induction, we downregulated PKC by pretreatment of human umbilical vein endothelial cells with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and assessed ICAM-1 protein and mRNA induction elicited by subsequent exposure to inflammatory stimuli. PMA treatment results in ICAM-1 protein induction that declines to basal levels by 3 days. Western blots of endothelial cell lysates reveal a nearly complete loss of immunologically reactive PKC. Subsequent activation with cytokine or LPS leads to reinduction of ICAM-1 protein and mRNA; however, the cells no longer produced substantial amounts of ICAM-1 protein or mRNA in response to PMA stimulation. Cross desensitization is observed with phorbol dibutyrate, while 4 alpha-phorbol has no desensitizing effect. The data indicate that PKC activation, while capable of inducing ICAM-1 expression, is not essential for ICAM-1 induction by the inflammatory mediators TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, or LPS.
This article was published in Am J Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology