Author(s): Pasquali L, Giannoukakis N, Trucco M
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Abstract A definitive cure for type 1 diabetes is currently being pursued with enormous effort by the scientific community. Different strategies are followed to restore physiologic production of insulin in diabetic patients. Restoration of self-tolerance remains the milestone that must be reached in order to move a step further and recover a cell source capable of independent and functional insulin production. Multiple strategies aimed at modulation of both central and peripheral immunity must be considered. Promising results now show that the immune system can be modulated in a way that acquisition of a "diabetes-suppressive" phenotype is possible. Once self-tolerance is achieved, reversal of the disease may be obtained by simply allowing physiologic rescue and/or regeneration of the beta cells to take place. Given that these outcomes have already been confirmed in humans, refinement of existing protocols along with novel methods adapted to T1DM reversal will allow translation into clinical trials.
This article was published in Adv Drug Deliv Rev
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism