Author(s): Argueta JG, Shiota S, Yamaguchi N, Masuhiro Y, Hanazawa S
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Abstract BACKGROUND/AIMS: Heat shock protein 60 (HSP60) has been recognized as an important molecule in infectious and autoimmune diseases. Although Porphyromonas gingivalis GroEL, a homologue of HSP60, is a potent stimulator of inflammatory cytokines, its receptor and signaling mechanisms are not yet understood in detail. In this study, we investigated whether the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family plays a functional role as a P. gingivalis GroEL receptor. METHODS: Human macrophage-like THP-1 cells were used and the nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activity of cells stimulated with a recombinant P. gingivalis GroEL was measured with a luciferase assay. Flow cytometry analysis was used to determine the binding to THP-1 cells of fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labeled GroEL. In addition, anti-human TLR (anti-hTLR)2 and anti-hTLR4 monoclonal antibodies were used to assess the functional role of TLR2 and TLR4 as the receptors for GroEL. RESULTS: We observed by luciferase assay that the purified recombinant GroEL was able to stimulate NF-kappaB transcriptional activity in THP-1 cells. Flow cytometry analysis showed that the FITC-labeled GroEL bound to THP-1 cells in a dose-dependent fashion. Our binding competition analysis with FITC-labeled and unlabeled GroEL showed that it bound to the cells as a specific mode of action. On the other hand, GroEL-stimulated NF-kappaB transcriptional activity was significantly inhibited by anti-hTLR2 and anti-hTLR4 antibodies and was inhibited more strongly by a combination of both antibodies. CONCLUSION: Our present study demonstrates that P. gingivalis GroEL induces its intracellular signaling cascade in THP-1 cells via TLR2 or TLR4 and via a combination of both receptors.
This article was published in Oral Microbiol Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials