alexa Induction of wakefulness and inhibition of active (REM) sleep by GABAergic processes in the nucleus pontis oralis.
Nutrition

Nutrition

Vitamins & Minerals

Author(s): Xi MC, Morales FR, Chase MH

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The present study was undertaken to explore the role of brainstem GABAergic processes in the control of the behavioral states of sleep and wakefulness, and to compare the effects of GABAA agonists and antagonists with those of GABAB agonists and antagonists on these behavioral states. Accordingly, the following drugs were microinjected into the nucleus pontis oralis (NPO) in chronic, unanesthetized cats: muscimol (GABAA agonist), bicuculline (GABAA antagonist), baclofen (GABAB agonist) and phaclofen (GABAB antagonist). The percentage, latency, frequency and duration of each behavioral state were measured in order to quantify the effects of these microinjections on wakefulness and sleep. Microinjections of either muscimol or baclofen immediately induced wakefulness. There was a significant increase in the duration and the percentage of time spent in wakefulness as well as an increase in the latency to active (REM) sleep. These changes were accompanied by a decrease in the percentage of time spent in active and quiet sleep. In contrast, injections of bicuculline or phaclofen produced active sleep. The percentage of time spent in active sleep and the frequency of active sleep increased while the percentage of time spent in wakefulness and the latency to active sleep was significantly reduced. The effects of GABAA receptor agonists and antagonists on wakefulness and active sleep were comparable, but stronger than those of GABAB receptor agonists and antagonists. These data indicate that pontine GABAergic processes acting on both GABAA and GABAB receptors play a critical role in generating and maintaining wakefulness and in controlling the occurrence of state of active sleep.
This article was published in Arch Ital Biol and referenced in Vitamins & Minerals

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version