alexa Infections in a burn intensive care unit: experience of seven years.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Fungal Genomics & Biology

Author(s): Santucci SG, Gobara S, Santos CR, Fontana C, Levin AS

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The objective of this study is to describe infections in a specialized burns intensive care unit from 1993 to 1999. The criteria for admission to the unit are: children with burns involving at least 10\% or adults with burns involving at least 20\% of total body surface; burns affecting face, perineum or feet; suspected or proven airway injury; electric or chemical burns; age less than one year or above 50; or pre-existing disease with any extent of burns. Surveillance of hospital-acquired infection was prospective. Hospital-acquired infection criteria used were those modified from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Diagnosis of infection using skin biopsy was not done. Over the study period, 320 patients were admitted to our burns intensive care unit. One hundred and seventy-five (55\%) developed 388 hospital-acquired infections. The rate for vascular catheter-associated bloodstream infections was 34 per 1,000 central line-days. The rate of ventilator associated pneumonia was 26 infections per 1,000 ventilator-days. Primary bloodstream was the most common infection with 189 episodes (49\%); followed by 83 burn wound infections (21\%) and 56 pneumonias (14\%). In 76\% of these infections and in 97\% of the primary bloodstream infections, aetiological agents were identified. The micro-organisms causing infections were S taphylococcus aureus (24\%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (18\%), Acinetobacter spp. (14\%) and coagulase-negative staphylococci (12\%). Candida spp. caused 8\% of infections. Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms exhibited resistance to most antimicrobial agents used for therapy. During the first three days of hospitalization in the burns intensive care unit there were eight infections caused by S. aureus and three of these were resistant to oxacillin. These data provide background information regarding extensive burn patients on which decisions for control and prevention of hospital-acquired infections can be made.
This article was published in J Hosp Infect and referenced in Fungal Genomics & Biology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • World Congress on Mycology
    September 11-13, 2017 Los Angeles, USA
  • International Conference on Microbial Ecology
    September 18-20, 2017 Toronto, Canada
  • International Conference on Fungal Diseases & Control
    September 25-26, 2017 Dubai, UAE
  • 2nd International Conference on Mycology & Mushrooms
    September 25-26, 2017 Chicago, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]ne.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords